South Eastern of Haiti
Citadelle Laferrière, Haiti
Haitian Heraldry: The Court of King Henri Christophe
Henri Christophe, HAITI’S ONLY KING, was one of the most colorful and interesting figures in nineteenth-century Caribbean history. Of obscure origins, he served under the famous Toussaint L’Ouverture in the Haitian war of independence of 1794-1803, and in 1807 he was elected President of a republic, heading a government largely made up of former slaves. Four years later, in March 1811, he made himself king.
One of Henry’s first regal acts was to create a nobility, elevating his leading courtiers to the rank of chevalier, baron, count, duke or prince. Resonant titles (such as Comte de Limonade and the Duc de la Marmelade) were chosen from the picturesque names of the estates where their holders had once laboured as slaves, and which they now managed on behalf of the nation. So as to equip the new noblemen with armorial bearings appropriate to their rank, Henry
￼Citadelle Laferrière – Henry Christophe’s dramatic mountain fastness.
created a College of Arms; coats of arms were designed for every title- holder and painted in glorious colour in an official record volume, the Armorial Général du Royaume d’Hayti.
Toussaint Louverture, Mussée du Panthéon National Haïti(MUPANAH) #haiti #louverture
Prince Mainville-Joseph & Alexande Jean-Joseph Soulouque #haiti
Louis Félicité Salomon, Emperor Soulouque’s Minister of Finance #haiti
Louis Dufrêne, Emperor Soulouque’s Foreign Minister. #Haiti
Royal Gazette of #Haiti #1816 #King #Henri #Christophe